What Are the Different Types of Transportations?

The transportation refers to the mobility of passengers or freight by different means or modes. There are primarily 3 basic types or mode of transportation, (1) through land comprising road, rail and pipelines, (2) waterways for shipping, and (3) airways. Though the definition of transportation refers to the mobility of passengers or freight, the transportation can also carry both or the combination of both. For example, all automobiles have the capacity of carrying some freight while the passenger planes have the facilities to carry the luggage and cargo. Contact Fortuna Transport for the best transportation services for your business.

Each mode of services is generally characterized by operational, technical and commercial characteristics. The technical characteristics define the capacity, speed and motive technology of the transportation. The operational characteristics of the transportation deal with the modes of operation such as speed limits, safety aspects or operating time etc. The commercial characteristics are determined by the demand for transportation an ownership.

The roadways infrastructure consumes large quantities of land around the world. Eventually, there are significant physiographical constraints in the road constructions which requires additional substantial expenditure or costs to make roads on rugged terrain or overcome river. The ancient transportation began by walking, then domestic animals were deployed for transportation. By the end of 19th-century cycling was predominantly used in transportation. These modes of transportation are categorised as non-motorised transportations. 

Motorization replaced the non-motorised transportation at the beginning of the 20th century. Road transport serves several purposes flexibly, but they have basic limitation like without road, road transportation is crippled. The road transportation requires a huge investment in terms of building infrastructures and vehicles. Therefore, road transportation is basically linked to light industries and distribution of freight. The road transportation has become an essential and integral component of the transportation system.

The rail and pipeline transportation are an important mode of transportation particularly, for trade and freight. The rail is comprised of traced paths and wheeled vehicles. The latest rail transportation includes monorails and maglev. Major industrial houses are linked with rail paths for their transportation of freight. On the other hand, pipeline transportation is done on land or underwater for liquid or gas transportation.

The waterways both river and ocean are the oldest form of transportation and the airways transportation being the latest mode of transportation. The waterways used to transport goods as well as passenger and soldiers in the past. In the contemporary period, waterways are mostly used of freight and airways for passenger and cargos.      

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